thousands sq. km.
Timber, ferrous metallurgy , power engineering
site of the administrative bodies of Republic Karelia
The Republic of Karelia is located in the North-West of Russia and
belongs to the North-West Federal Region of the Russian Federation.
has a total land area of 180.5 thousand sq. km (1.06% of the total
Russian Federation territory). Its length from north to south is 660
km, and from west to east on the latitude of the town Kem 424 km.
Karelia borders on Finland in the west, on Leningrad and Vologda
oblasts in the south, on Murmansk Oblast in the north and
Arkhangelsk Oblast in the east. In the north-west the Republic is
washed by the White Sea. The northern border line of Karelia
coincides with the state border of the Russian Federation and
Finland and has a length of 723 km.
Mineral and raw base of the Republic includes: fuel-energy raw
materials (uranium, peat), ferrous metals (iron and chrome ores),
non-ferrous and rare metals (nickel, cobalt, vanadium, molybdenum,
tin and others), noble metals (gold and metals of platinum group),
nonmetallic minerals (diamonds, graphite, muscovite, riebeckite-
asbestos, talc and talc stone, feldspar raw materials, quartz,
schungite species, quartzite, dolomite, cyanite, sulphuric and
sulphide ores, petrurgical raw materials, building stone,
sandy-gravel materials, clays etc.)
1 January, 2006, minerals and raw
materials reserves of Karelia consisted of 312 explored deposits
representing 26 kinds of hard minerals, with the stock officially
registered on the state balance, and over 400 prospect occurrences;
379 peat fields; 13 groundwater fields for household and drinking
use, 3 mineral water sources, etc.
1 January, 2006, the resident population of Karelia was 697.5
Urban and rural population accounting for 75,3% (525,2 thousand
people) and 24,7% (172,3 thousand), respectively. 37% of the
population lives in the Republic capital – Petrozavodsk City. The
population density makes 4 people per sq. km.
The republic embraces 16 municipal areas (Belomorsky, Kalevalsky,
Kemsky, Kondopozhsky, Lakhdenpokhsky, Loukhsky, Medvezhyegorsky,
Muezersky, Olonetsky, Pitkyarantsky, Prionezhsky, Priazhinsky,
Poudozhsky, Segezhsky, Sortavalsky, Suoyarvsky) and 2 urban areas (Petrozavodsky,
Kostomukshsky). 24 municipalities have a status of urban settlements
and 87 – status of rural settlements.
The Republic of Karelia enjoys a favorable economic and geographic
position (adjacency of highly-developed industrialized regions of
Russia and Western Europe, advanced water-transport system, etc.)
and is well endowed with mineral resources.