thousands sq. km.
Industry, science and science service, culture and art
website of St.-Petersburg administration
St. Petersburg is a
city of federal importance, one of the subjects of the Russian
Federation, the second significant (following Moscow) economic,
industrial, scientific and cultural center of the country. St.
Petersburg is located in the north-western part of the Russian
Federation at the intersection of waterways and land traffic
arteries. The city is Russia's European gateway, its strategic
center, the closest to the European Community countries.
is the administrative
center of the North-Western Federal Region,
which also includes Republic of Karelia, Republic of Komi,
Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kaliningrad, Leningrad, Murmansk, Novgorod,
and Pskov oblasts, and the Nenets autonomous region. The
North-Western Federal Region is the only Russian region sharing an
extensive border with the European Union countries.
St. Petersburg covers
an area of 606 sq. km, and together with the nearest suburbs
situated on the plains adjacent to Neva and stretching along the
Gulf of Finland – 1439 sq. km. Maximum length from north to south is
44 km, from west to east - 25 km. The city is located near the
eastern end of the Baltic Sea's Gulf of Finland. In terms of the
abundance of water resources, St. Petersburg ranks the first among
the cities of the Russian Federation and the former Soviet Union -
and one of the first in the world. The river Neva, flowing from the
Lake Ladoga, rolls on within the city bounds over a 28 km stretch;
before emptying into the Neva bay of the Gulf of Finland, the river
forms a wide delta. The river width is 340-650 m (max. 1250 m,
against the port); the depth is 8-23 m.
As of 1 January 2006,
the resident population of St.
Petersburg was 4.580.620 people.
is divided into
St. Petersburg is the
second largest (after Moscow) city of the Russian Federation. It
accommodates representative offices of international organizations,
consulates of foreign countries, regional affiliates of federal
ministries and departments.